There is a large volume of possibly contagious and unsafe materials generated by health centres every single day. Medical waste consists of treated and untreated materials, for instance, animal waste, microbiological waste, pathological waste, animal and human blood and fluids, medicines, medical tools, etc. These materials ought to be carefully controlled to avoid putting the environment, people, and animals at risk.
When medical waste is not handled with extra care, it can give hospital-acquired infections to the employees, patients, visitors, scavengers, and individuals who live nearby the health centre. Medical waste includes sharp objects which are used to operate on or inject persons with various illnesses. These tools contain bacteria and viruses because they are not treated, hence if a person or scavenger is pricked by them, they pick up similar infections as those treated with those objects.
Also, bacteria and viruses from the waste are transferred to people when individuals who come into contact with the waste materials touch surfaces like counter tops, furniture, reading materials, etc., and other people. This contact leaves germs on those surfaces and when others come into contact with the same surfaces they collect the bacteria and keep spreading them far and wide. These germs can cause them ailments if they do not disinfect their hands immediately before touching other things.
Another primary concern of poor handling of medical waste material is the repacking and reselling of wasted objects and medication by corrupt individuals. Waste materials should not be recycled unless they are critically treated under carefully chosen mechanisms. Some individuals can collect medical objects which have been thrown away, clean them and repackage them for sale or collect wasted medicine and resell it. This is very dangerous because it can lead to infections from those objects and the use of inefficient medication which can adversely affect people’s and animals’ health or deliver no healing at all.
Therefore, a health centre should aim to contain all waste materials excellently to safeguard the health of their users. Medical waste management is supervised by the law due to its sensitivity, and every health facility must entrust their waste management to the right companies. One of the things that they must not fail to consider is whether the medical waste management company they are considering has the proper documentation. The company should comply with all stipulated rules provided by the authorities.
The other important point of focus should be whether the company is accessible and their frequency of waste collection. Frequent garbage collection gets rid of the waste from the health centre’s premises and prevents conflict with the law. It also reduces the risks posed by the hazardous waste, making the facility safer and comfortable.